Maintaining Food Security During the Covid-19 Pandemic
In addition to causing health-related issues, the Covid-19 pandemic has had various social and economic consequences, including in the agriculture sector.
It is an undeniable fact that adequate supply determines the stability of staple food prices. The government needs to secure the supply of staple food which is playing a vital role during the pandemic.
Stimulus for the agriculture sector is needed to maintain socio-economic security and speed up economic recovery.
The government can intervene on agricultural inputs which make a relatively substantial contribution to production–such as fertilizers, high-quality seeds, and pesticides. Another intervention that may be done is the provision of an unsecured loan program for farmers by empowering Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes).
The government needs to ensure stimulus programs are well-executed and implement a contract system with farmers to assure cultivation priorities in the next planting season, with a commitment to purchase crops that have been cultivated in the next harvesting season.